As antisemitism is rising globally. And as a result, it is swelling online. It is a duty for not just the Jewish community, but for the people who claim to be our allies, to know this information. It is important to know who you are following, to analyze their information for credibility, and to be a defender against white supremacy. Therefore, we have provided a description and short breakdown of several tropes, terms, dog whistles, and conspiracy theories. Further research is recommended and encouraged. This is a living document and by no means complete guide to antisemitism.
This has been specifically tailored to the Internet experience, focusing on how you may see it in online spaces so as to report it and prevent yourself and others from sliding down the alt-right pipeline.
The echoes were popularized in the middle 2010’s to signify that the user/peoples mentioned within the ‘echos’ are Jewish. Example: (((Jewitches))). In some cases, Jews have reclaimed this to outwardly signify themselves as Jews.
Known by many names, including Lebensrune, the symbol is part of an early runic alphabet. It was heavily used by nazis, including the SS’s Lebensborn project (a project that encouraged the SS to have children with “Aryan” people and kidnapped “Aryan” children in order to raise as Germans. It stayed a popular Nazi symbol, including its adoption by the neo-Nazi National alliance. Like many runes, it may be used by non-white supremacist pagans, and context is needed to determine the intent.
Used on the center of Nazi Germany’s flag.
During the times of Nazi Germany, the leader of Hitler’s personal body guard unit used Totenkopf as their insignia.
A symbol commonly used by white supremacists who have ties to norse paganism, heathenry, etc.
Used to mock Jewish noses, relying on stereotypical antisemitic depictions.
The most recognized symbol utilized by the KKK.
A German military medal predating Nazi Germany, the swastika was added by Hitler’s regime. After WWII, it was dropped by the government, but wholeheartedly embraced by Nazis and white supremacists. It has become heavily used by bikers in the United States and subsequently spread to other subcultures in a ‘non-racist’ context. Context is needed when determining the intention.
The Sunwheel/Black Sun/Sonnenrad
Used by the original Nazi party, white supremacists now use the symbol as a unifying insignia for other aryan and neo-nazi groups to recognize each other. Sometimes, this symbol is coupled with other neo-nazi symbols like the wolfsangel or a swastika, but not always.
Appropriated by Neo-nazis, Thors Hammer can sometimes appear with a swastika on it when in use by white supremacists. The symbol isn’t inherently antisemitic or racist but context matters. It may include other antisemitic imagery, like swastikas.
Two thunderbolt emojis together are used to represent “SS” (Schutzstaffel), aka the “political soldiers” of the Nazi party. While commonly used online, the use of these two symbols do appear offline.
3rd Reich Eagle
Imagery of the Nazi government, used by white supremacists and Nazis.
A square cross interlocking with or surrounding a circle. The Celtic Cross (or sun cross, or wheel cross) came into use by Nazis in the 1930’s/40’s. This symbol was adopted by white supremacist groups around the globe. However, because it is a Christian symbol, it is also widely used by non-white supremacists, so context is needed in determining its intent.
The rune is part of multiple runic alphabets but was adopted in Nazi Germany in the 20th century. The Nazis utilized the rune in a myriad of ways, including the divisional insignia of two Waffen SS divisions. After the end of WWII, it remained extremely popular amongst white supremacists and Nazis. Many brandish it on flags, tattoo it on their bodies, include it in logos, usernames, and more. However, this rune may still be used by non-Nazi pagans. When spotted, it is important to look at the surrounding context to determine the intent of the usage.
As Nazis searched for an “all-white religion”, this symbol became used in Nazi army divisions. It is now used by neo-Nazis worldwide.
This symbol was used in several SS Waffen units but is now used across America and Europe to represent neo-Nazi as well as Aryan groups.
While not originally a white supremacist symbol, the gesture now means “white power”. The three fingers represent a “W” while the thumb and pointer finger represent a “P”.
Antisemite Pride Flag
A Nazi Instagrammer created flag to signify all of April as “Antisemite Pride Month”. They have also declared 4/20 as “Antisemite Day” due to it being Hitler’s birthday. They have appropriated the Thai flag as a means of harassing Jews due to the vaguely similar colors. Be extremely cautious before calling out those who use the Thai flag as it will always be a representation of Thailand before it is a dog whistle.
A Disclaimer Regarding Norse Paganism/Germanic Heathenry
For historical context, the Nazis of the ’30s were determined in finding an “all-white religion”. This led to them spending an extensive amount of time reviving Norse and Germanic paganism for white people only. Today’s Norse Paganism and heathenry, while not a white supremacist religion, is heavily based in the works and writings of these Nazis and therefore at times does attract white supremacists, though not all Norse/Germanic Pagans/Heathens are antisemitic, racist, or white supremacists. They often share imagery, symbolism, terminology, etc, due to the nature of their history. This is why context is important.
Usernames and Names to Look Out For
These words are often used by antisemites in their usernames on platforms across social media. Like with dog whistles, look for surrounding context to determine intention.
(Insert Atrocity or Other Adjective) Enjoyer
Any atrocity may be listed here. Examples: HolocaustEnjoyer, ShoahEnjoyer, BasedEnjoyer, TrollingEnjoyer, GenocideEnjoyer, etc. These accounts are generally extremely racist, sexist, misogynistic, homophobic, transphobic, islamophobic, as well as antisemitic.
Internet “trolling” has been co-opted by antisemites, white supremacists, and Nazis as a means of destigmatizing and devaluing their bigotry. It is also used as a codeword for harassing people. Ex: ‘Let’s do some trolling’ = ‘let’s go harass someone’. These are often paired with “raids” wherein accounts are inundated with harassment and false reports to bully them off the platform. Many bigots will have some form of “troll” in their username.
Many antisemites will include the term "awoken" in their handles. Used to indicate that they have “awoken” and are no longer being “hoodwinked by the Jews who run the world”. Use context to determine intent.
Online neo-Nazis who frequently harass, dox, and raid Jews, Black people, People of Color, LGBTQ+, etc. There are currently hundreds of active members on all social media platforms such as Instagram, Twitter, Tiktok, Reddit, and 4Chan.
Pepe the Frog
Originally a benign meme, the Pepe the Frog meme was quickly co-opted by antisemites and Nazis. The name "Pepe" may be combined with other antisemitic dogwhistles or left on it's own.
Many antisemites, white supremacists, and neo-Nazis have adopted this slang in their usernames and commentary. Usernames like ‘basedgenocide’, ‘basedchambers’, ‘basedwaffen’, ‘based1488’, etc, are indicators of white supremacy. Context is needed when determining intention.
Many antisemites will include the term "destroyer" in their handles. It may be paired with other names or dog whistles (example: "baseddestroyer", "destroyer88", "kikedestroyer") or random noun or adjective. Context is needed when determining intention.
In collaboration: Jewitches & Chaiya Mendel
Last updated: 8/10/22